Rose has a very special and important place among flowers. Roses, which have an extraordinary scent, contain a great variety of colors. The rose, which is from the Rosaceae family, is the most gifted flower, the symbol of love, romance and purity. We have prepared for you what you need to know about roses.
What is a rose?
It is a beautiful looking plant from the rose family. The homeland of many roses is Asia. However, because it is such a showy plant, it is grown almost all over the world. The name of the shrub type plants that usually shed their leaves in winter and live for many years are called roses.
It has white, pink, red, yellow and orange flowers, but it can be found in many colors when grown as an ornamental plant. It should be grown in sunny, semi-shaded but absolutely windless places. The rose, which loves clay soils, can be propagated by seeds and cuttings.
What are the Characteristics of the Rose?
Although the characteristics of roses, which fascinate with their color, fragrance and grace, are generally similar to each other, some species have differences in terms of growing. The rose that many people love will give you beautiful flowers if properly watered and pruned. The most important features of the rose plant that should be known are;
- There are essential oils, tannin, gallic acid, anthocyanin and some other substances in the petals of the flowers of fragrant roses. This oil is often used in the manufacture of cosmetic products.
- In general, the composition of the rose plant; There are substances such as geraniol, rodino, citronel, pectin and nicotinamide.
- Water or syrups made with rose plant are good for tonsil disorders.
- Again, if the eyes are bathed with water or syrup; It prevents blooding in the eye and treats conjunctivitis.
- They bloom in May and June.
- Its branches are dense and thorny.
- The tips of the leaves are pointed and the edges are serrated.
- There are the most wild rose species in our country.
- It can be easily grown in pots and gardens at home, as well as in landscaping in cities.
- It likes semi-shade areas as direct sunlight damages it.
- Too much cold or too much heat will damage roses. For this reason, it is recommended to keep the environment at normal room temperature.
- Repotting should be done twice a year and warm times should be preferred.
- Irrigation should be done more frequently in summer, and the frequency of irrigation should be adjusted so that the root of the plant is slightly moist.
When watering, care should be taken to ensure that it is at the same time of day and in the same extent. Although this information may seem insignificant, it is a very important detail in terms of growing more efficient roses.
Roses that bloom in summer fall off their leaves in winter and enter a resting time.
In winter, it should be protected from extreme cold and frost.
Since it will absorb the vitamins and minerals of the soil after a while, it should be supported twice a year. You can find this vitamin and mineral supplement from any florist or greenhouse grower.
The best time for propagation is April.
Reproduction is done by root separation method. The plant separated from its root should be placed in its new soil without wasting too much time. A rose that is timely and correctly transplanted into another pot will soon produce new flowers.
What are the Rose Types?
Rose, which can be grown in our country and everywhere, is among the most loved and most common flowers in the world. Roses, which are a sign of love and kindness, are one of the most ideal gifts. We can classify roses according to their color, the structure of their flowers, their height and other characteristics.
According to its flowers; single layer roses, semi layered roses and layered roses.
According to their height; They are dwarf, clinging-ivy and tall roses.
According to flowering times; Roses that bloom once a year are roses that bloom more than once a year.
According to their colors; roses in white, red, pink, yellow, blue, black and salmon.
The ones we mentioned above show the classification of roses in general according to their structure. Other than these, rose varieties with scientific names mentioned in the literature are as follows;
- Rosa californica (California wild rose)
- Rosa canina (wild rose)
- Rosa centifolia (okka rose)
- Rosa chinensis (Chinese rose)
- Rosa dumalis
- Rosa eglanteria
- Rosa gallica (Red currant)
- Rosa gigantea
- Rosa glauca
- Rosa laevigata
- Rosa moschata (Musk rose)
- Rosa multiflora
- Rosa omeiensis
- Rosa palustris (Marsh rose)
- Rosa persica
- Rosa pimpinellifolia
- Rosa pinetorum
- Rosa roxburghii
- Rosa rubiginosa
- Rosa rugosa (Japanese rose)
- Rosa sericea
- Rosa stellata
- Rosa virginiana.
What are the Benefits of the Rose?
The rose, which has served for the benefit of people since ancient times, is a beautiful ornamental plant as well as a complete source of healing. Human beings have benefited from the healing properties of rose for centuries. The most important benefits of the rose, which adorns our homes and gardens, are as follows;
- Thanks to its pleasant smell, it calms the nerves and reduces stress.
- It has been revealed as a result of researches that rose tea cuts diarrhea.
- Shows antiseptic properties, removes germs.
- It reduces menstrual cramps.
- Rose oil helps to get rid of blemishes and acne on the skin.
- It is good for conjunctivitis and blood circulation. People who have this problem can take an eye bath by dipping a clean cotton ball in rose water or pale rose tea.
- It is good for urinary tract infections.
- Relieves tonsil pain.
- It makes the skin more moist and bright.
- If the fresh rose flower is chewed, it accelerates the healing of mouth sores.
- It opens the blockages in the lungs and allows you to breathe more easily.
- When used regularly, it helps warts to pass.
- It allows the wounds on the skin to pass.
- Cell renewal roses are an anti-aging plant.